120, 23.976, 23.98, 24, 240, 25 (PAL), 29.97, 30, 48, 50 (PAL), 59.97, 60, 96, aspect ratio, black bars, Cavus Media, conform, cropping, drop frame, fps, Frame Rates, jeff riegel, letterboxing, Pond5, Ryan McAfee
By Ryan McAfee, Pond5
Stories can be told in many different ways, using many different media types and image-capturing devices. Sometimes you may want to incorporate still images in your project, or the producer may call for a piece of smartphone footage to be cut into your edit. Chances are that these types of additions won’t match perfectly within your 16:9, 24-fps timeline and you’ll need to adjust your clips and settings so that it’s not too jarring of a departure visually or emotionally.
To do this, you’ll need to be wary of the problems that can arise when you’re working with different file types and frame rates, like image cropping, black bars/letterboxing, dropped frames, image stretching, and other things that aren’t coming across correctly in your vision for the piece. You also need to know how to fix them appropriately — especially if you’re working with tons of different types of files.